Diabetes has been described in ancient scripts and familiar as a serious illness, but it does not appear to have been commonly through physicians or healers. It is in the past few decades that human health and development are increasingly affected by the rising numbers of people with this condition. Diabetes, together with cardiovascular disease, cancer, and chronic respiratory disease has been targeted in the political declaration on the prevention and control of Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) at the Un High-level Political Meeting in 2011. In 2013 WHO member states endorsed a global monitoring framework for noncommunicable diseases, with 9 targets to be reached by 2025. Diabetes and its important risk issues are strongly reflected in the targets and indicators - reduction of exposure to unhealthy diet and physical inactivity, zero rises in the frequency of diabetes, better-quality access to treatment and reduction of premature mortality.