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Abstract

Diabetic Complications among Follow-up Patients: A Cross-sectional Study at Jimma University Specialized Hospital Diabetic Clinic

Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of hyperglycemia. Diabetic complications can be acute or chronic. Acute complications are Diabetic ketoacidosis and Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of diabetic complications with its associated factors among follow-up patients. A hospital based crosssectional study was conducted from July 27, to August 11, 2015 at Jimma University specialized hospital, Ethiopia. A total of 160 diabetic patients were included. The study was approved by the university ethical review board. Male to female ratio was 1.86:1, 58. 8% of the patients were from rural area and almost half (48.1%) have normal body mass index values. Majority (82%) of the patients were married and 28.2% of the study population were farmers. Type II diabetes was identified in 56.2%, while the rest were with Type I. Poly-symptoms was seen in 61.7% patients initially. Majority (77.5%) of them don’t have first and second degree family history of diabetes. Drug adherence, presence of infection and chronic medical conditions were the factors responsible for development of complications. A patient centered educational intervention needs to be done to reduce the complication among patients on follow-up.


Author(s):

Ahmed MB, Yirdachew E, Tefera G



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